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Best Practices from Oracle Development's A‑Team

Exalogic Virtual Tea Break Snippets – Simplified Exalogic IaaS Cli

In previous blogs I have built and documented a number of extensions to the standard Exalogic IaaS Cli that either simplify the Cli usage or provide additional functionality. Following feedback from the various user I have enhanced and amalgamated a number of my scripts into a new single “SimpleExCli.sh”. In addition the SimpleExCli.sh script contains a number of new options for creating and managing vServers within your Exalogic environment.

The aim of this blog entry is to introduce the new script and document the commands available providing a starting point for script usage. I will produce a number of additional short targeted tutorials that will work through the individual commands in more detail.

This script is not part of the Exalogic product and is provided as an example only and as such support tickets can not be opened against the script.

Replaced Blog Entries

The scripts described in the following blog entries have been amalgamated into the SimpleExaCli.sh.

SimpleExaCli.sh

Installing and Running

Because this is a wrapper around the standard Exalogic IaaS Cli to use the SimpleExaCli.sh script it need to be installed on a machine that already has the IaaS rpms installed. If they have not been installed then the following rpms will need to be installed.

  • rpm -i orcl-sysman-iaas-api-12.1.0-1629.noarch.rpm
  • rpm -i orcl-sysman-iaas-cli-12.1.0-1629.noarch.rpm
rpm -i orcl-sysman-iaas-api-12.1.0-1629.noarch.rpm rpm -i orcl-sysman-iaas-cli-12.1.0-1629.noarch.rpm

Once the IaaS rpms have been installed the SimpleExaCli.sh can be executed using the following, general, format.

 

SimpleExaCli.sh <Command> <Parameters>

The Command options available and their associated Parameters will be discussed below.

Commands

--status-vservers

Parameters

  • Required
    • -u <Account User>
    • -p <Account Password>
  • Optional
    • -a <Account Name>
    • -v <vServer Name>

List the status all the vServers in the specified Account. If no Account is specified then it will loop through all Accounts within the vDC listing the vServers. To successfully achieve this the mandatory Username and Password must have access to all the accounts.

--start-vservers

Parameters

  • Required
    • -u <Account User>
    • -p <Account Password>
  • Optional
    • -a <Account Name>
    • -v <vServer Name>

Start all or the named -v vServer(s) in the specified Account. If no Account is specified then it will loop through all Accounts within the vDC starting the vServers. To successfully achieve this the mandatory Username and Password must have access to all the accounts.

--reboot-vservers

Parameters

  • Required
    • -u <Account User>
    • -p <Account Password>
  • Optional
    • -a <Account Name>
    • -v <vServer Name>

Reboot all or the named -v vServer(s) in the specified Account. If no Account is specified then it will loop through all Accounts within the vDC starting the vServers. To successfully achieve this the mandatory Username and Password must have access to all the accounts.

--stop-vservers

Parameters

  • Required
    • -u <Account User>
    • -p <Account Password>
  • Optional
    • -a <Account Name>
    • -v <vServer Name>

Stop all or the named -v vServer(s) in the specified Account. If no Account is specified then it will loop through all Accounts within the vDC starting the vServers. To successfully achieve this the mandatory Username and Password must have access to all the accounts.

--list-vservers

Parameters

  • Required
    • -u <Account User>
    • -p <Account Password>
  • Optional
    • -a <Account Name>
    • --verbose

List all the vServers in the specified Account. If no Account is specified then it will loop through all Accounts within the vDC listing the vServers. To successfully achieve this the mandatory Username and Password must have access to all the accounts If --verbose is also specified the all available vServer information will be listed.

--list-vnets

Parameters

  • Required
    • -u <Account User>
    • -p <Account Password>
  • Optional
    • -a <Account Name>
    • --verbose

List all the vNets in the specified Account. If no Account is specified then it will loop through all Accounts within the vDC listing the vNets. To successfully achieve this the mandatory Username and Password must have access to all the accounts If --verbose is also specified the all available vNet information will be listed.

--list-distgroups

Parameters

  • Required
    • -u <Account User>
    • -p <Account Password>
  • Optional
    • -a <Account Name>
    • --verbose

List all the Distribution Groups in the specified Account. If no Account is specified then it will loop through all Accounts within the vDC listing the Distribution Groups. To successfully achieve this the mandatory Username and Password must have access to all the accounts." If --verbose is also specified the all available Distribution Group information will be listed.

--list-volumes

Parameters

  • Required
    • -u <Account User>
    • -p <Account Password>
  • Optional
    • -a <Account Name>
    • --verbose

List all the Volumes in the specified Account. If no Account is specified then it will loop through all Accounts within the vDC listing the Volumes. To successfully achieve this the mandatory Username and Password must have access to all the accounts If --verbose is also specified the all available Volumes information will be listed.

--list-templates

Parameters

  • Required
    • -u <Account User>
    • -p <Account Password>
  • Optional
    • -a <Account Name>
    • --verbose

List all the Templates in the specified Account. If no Account is specified then it will loop through all Accounts within the vDC listing the Templates. To successfully achieve this the mandatory Username and Password must have access to all the accounts. If --verbose is also specified the all available Template information will be listed.

--create-vserver

Parameters

  • Required
    • -u <Account User>
    • -p <Account Password>
    • -a <Account Name>
    • -v <vServer Name>
    • -vs-type <VServer Type Name>
    • -vs-template <VServer Template Name>
    • -vs-networks <Network Names>
    • -vs-ips <Network IPs>
  • Optional
    • -vs-dg <Distribution Group Name>
    • -vs-desc <Description>

Creates a single vServer based on the information provided in the parameters. All parameters are name based and the ids will be found based on the provided name.

--delete-vserver

Parameters

  • Required
    • -u <Account User>
    • -p <Account Password>
    • -a <Account Name>
    • -v <vServer Name>

Deletes a single vServer based on the information provided in the parameters. All parameters are name based and the ids will be found based on the provided name.

--stop-vserver

Parameters

  • Required
    • -u <Account User>
    • -p <Account Password>
    • -a <Account Name>
    • -v <vServer Name>

Stops a single vServer based on the information provided in the parameters. All parameters are name based and the ids will be found based on the provided name.

--start-vserver

Parameters

  • Required
    • -u <Account User>
    • -p <Account Password>
    • -a <Account Name>
    • -v <vServer Name>

Starts a single vServer based on the information provided in the parameters. All parameters are name based and the ids will be found based on the provided name.

--restart-vserver

Parameters

  • Required
    • -u <Account User>
    • -p <Account Password>
    • -a <Account Name>
    • -v <vServer Name>

Restarts a single vServer based on the information provided in the parameters. All parameters are name based and the ids will be found based on the provided name.

--create-assets

Parameters

  • Required
    • -f <Asset Definition File>
  • Optional
    • -remove-ssh-key

Reads the specified Asset file and creates all the assets defined within it. If multiple projects are defined these are worked through. The file is processed sequentially and therefore must contain action in an appropriate sequence. Within the Asset file each line is a specific entry and has the following structure:

Account:Action|Asset Type|Parameters
Action Asset Type Parameters
Connect
  1. Username
  2. Password
Upload ServerTemplate
  1. Template Name
  2. URL to the template location.
Create VirtualNetwork
  1. Network Name
  2. Size
Create DistributionGroup
  1. Distribution Group Name

When creating Distribution Groups from the command line they will have a size of 50,000.

Create vServer
  1. vServer Name
  2. vServer Type Name
  3. Template Name
  4. Comma separated list of network names which the vServer will connect to.
  5. Comma separated list of IPs for the specified networks. If the IP is to be assigned automatically the a "*" should be entered.
  6. Distribution Group [Optional]
  7. Description [Optional]
Create Volume
  1. Volume Name
  2. Volume Size
Attach Volume
  1. vServer Name
  2. Comma separated list of volume names
Disconnect
Production:Connect|clouduser|welcome1 Production:Upload|ServerTemplate|Navstar40GBRootTemplate|http://172.17.0.9/shares/export/common/images/ah-templates/el_40gb_root_linux_vm_template_2.0.4.0.0_64.tgz Production:Create|VirtualNetwork|VN001|96 Production:Create|DistributionGroup|DG001 Production:Create|vServer|VS006|VSTProduction|Navstar40GBRootTemplate||EoIB1-client-access,IPoIB-vserver-shared-storage,VN001|10.242.96.69,172.17.0.34,*|DG001 Production:Create|vServer|VS003|VSTProduction|Navstar40GBRootTemplate|vServer Description|EoIB1-client-access,IPoIB-vserver-shared-storage|10.242.96.75,* Production:Create|Volume|VS006|5 Production:Attach|Volume|VS006|VS006 Production:Disconnect
--create-template

Parameters

  • Required
    • -v <vServer Name>
  • Optional
    • -lvm <Volume Group> <Logical Volume>
    • -r <Repository Directory>
    • -w <Working Directory>
    • -d <Destination Directory>

Takes the specified vServer name and identifies the associated img files which will then be copied to a working directory before being opened and edited thus converting them to a template. If multiple images exist (because vServers uses volumes) it will be converted to a single template with multiple img files and hence larger size. This command must be executed on a physical compute node preferably cn01. The Working and Destination directories should be mounted on the ZFS and it is assumed that these will be below /u01/common/images.

--capture-vserver

Parameters

  • Required
    • -v <vServer Name>
  • Optional
    • -lvm <Volume Group> <Logical Volume>
    • -r <Repository Directory>
    • -w <Working Directory>
    • -d <Destination Directory>
    • -keep-resolv
    • -keep-hosts
    • -vs-dg <Distribution Group Name>
    • -vs-type <vServer Type Name>

Access the Exalogic EMOC system and retrieve the information about the specified vServer. This information is recorded in an Asset file that can be used with --create-assets. The script also takes the existing vServer image files and converts them into a template adding an upload to the Asset file. If the ikeep-resolv flag is passed on the command line the resolv.conf within the vServer will be kept otherwise it will be re-initialised. Specifying the -keep-hosts flag indicates the hosts file within the vServer must not be initialised and hence kept as is. Because the current vServer Distribution Group is not accessible through the IaaS Cli the required Distribution Group can be passed on the command line and it will be added to the Asset file. If the capture command is being used so that a vServer can have it’s memory and/or CPU reconfigured then the -vs-type parameter will allow the user to specify a new vServer Type that will be written to the Asset file rather than the one currently associated with the vServer.

 

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#!/bin/bash ################################################################################ # #  Exalogic Virtual (Linux x86-64) Simplified CLI #  HEADER START # #  THIS SCRIPT IS PROVIDED ON AN AS IS BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, #  EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, WARRANTIES THAT #  THE COVERED SCRIPT IS FREE OF DEFECTS, MERCHANTABLE, FIT FOR A PARTICULAR #  PURPOSE OR NON-INFRINGING. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE #  OF THE COVERED SOFTWARE IS WITH YOU. SHOULD ANY COVERED SOFTWARE PROVE #  DEFECTIVE IN ANY RESPECT, YOU (NOT THE INITIAL DEVELOPER OR ANY OTHER #  CONTRIBUTOR) ASSUME THE COST OF ANY NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION. #  NO USE OF ANY COVERED SOFTWARE IS AUTHORIZED HEREUNDER EXCEPT UNDER THIS #  DISCLAIMER. # #  When distributing this Code, include this HEADER in each file. #  If applicable, add the following below this this HEADER, with the fields #  enclosed by brackets "[]" replaced with your own identifying information: #       Portions Copyright [yyyy] [name of copyright owner] # #  HEADER END # # #       Copyright 2013 Andrew Hopkinson, Oracle Corporation UK Ltd. # ################################################################################ export OCCLI=/opt/sun/occli/bin export IAAS_HOME=/opt/oracle/iaas/cli export IAAS_BASE_URL=https://localhost export BASE_IAAS_ACCESS_KEY_FILE=iaas_access.key export BASE_KEY_NAME=cli.asset.create export BASE_KEY_FILE=iaas_access.pub export RUN_DATE=`date +"%Y%m%d-%H%M"`"."$$ #export RUN_DATE=$$ #CloudUser used to create vServers &amp; Volumes export IAAS_USER=CloudUser export IAAS_PASSWORD_FILE=.iaas.pwd.$$ #export ASSET_FILE=CreateAssets.$$.in function testCli() {  $IAAS_HOME/bin/akm-describe-accounts --sep "|" } function getAccounts() {  accountsArray=( $($IAAS_HOME/bin/akm-describe-accounts --sep "|" | sed 's/ /_/g') ) } function getVServers() {  vserversArray=( $($IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-describe-vservers --sep "|" | sed 's/ /_/g') ) } function getNetworks() {  vnetsArray=( $($IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-describe-vnets --sep "|" | sed 's/ /_/g') ) } function getDistributionGroups() {  distGrpsArray=( $($IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-describe-distribution-groups --sep "|" | sed 's/ /_/g') ) } function getTemplates() {  templatesArray=( $($IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-describe-server-templates --sep "|" | sed 's/ /_/g') ) } function getVolumes() {  volumesArray=( $($IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-describe-volumes --sep "|" | sed 's/ /_/g') ) } function getVSTypes() {  vsTypesArray=( $($IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-describe-vserver-types --sep "|" | sed 's/ /_/g') ) } function connectToAccount() {  # Set run specific key information  export IAAS_ACCESS_KEY_FILE=$ACCOUNT_NAME"."$RUN_DATE"."$BASE_IAAS_ACCESS_KEY_FILE  export KEY_NAME=$ACCOUNT_NAME"."$RUN_DATE"."$BASE_KEY_NAME  export KEY_FILE=$ACCOUNT_NAME"."$RUN_DATE"."$BASE_KEY_FILE  #echo "IAAS_ACCESS_KEY_FILE=$IAAS_ACCESS_KEY_FILE"  #echo "KEY_NAME=$KEY_NAME"  #echo "KEY_FILE=$KEY_FILE"  #echo "Found Account $line"  AK=`$IAAS_HOME/bin/akm-create-access-key --account $ACCOUNT_ID --access-key-file $IAAS_ACCESS_KEY_FILE`  KEYPAIR=`$IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-create-key-pair --key-name $KEY_NAME --key-file $KEY_FILE`  #echo "Connected to $ACCOUNT_NAME" } function disconnectFromAccount() {         $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-delete-key-pair --key-name $KEY_NAME --access-key-file $IAAS_ACCESS_KEY_FILE         $IAAS_HOME/bin/akm-delete-access-key $AK         if [[ "$KEEP_PUB_KEY" == "" ]]         then             rm -f $KEY_FILE         fi         rm -f $IAAS_ACCESS_KEY_FILE } ############################################################# ## ## stopVServer ## =========== ## ## Find and stop a vServer. ## ############################################################# function stopVServer() { # echo "Stopping vServer $VSERVER_NAME"  getVServers  getVServerId  echo "Stopping vServer $VSERVER_NAME $VSERVER_ID"  $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-stop-vservers --vserver-ids $VSERVER_ID --force  pauseUntilVServerShutdown } ############################################################# ## ## startVServer ## ============ ## ## Find and stop a vServer. ## ############################################################# function startVServer() { # echo "Starting vServer $VSERVER_NAME"  getVServers  getVServerId  echo "Starting vServer $VSERVER_NAME $VSERVER_ID"  $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-start-vservers --vserver-ids $VSERVER_ID  pauseUntilVServerRunning } ############################################################# ## ## deleteVServer ## ============= ## ## Find and delete a vServer. ## ############################################################# function deleteVServer() { # echo "Deleting vServer $VSERVER_NAME"  getVServers  getVServerId  echo "Deleting vServer $VSERVER_NAME $VSERVER_ID"  $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-terminate-vservers --force --vserver-ids $VSERVER_ID } ############################################################# ## ## stopVServers ## ============ ## ## Stop one or more vServers running within the currently ## connected Account. If a specific vServer Name is passed in ## $VSERVER as specified on the command line using -v then ## this will be the one stopped. If no VSERVER is specified ## then all vServers in the Account will be stopped. ## ############################################################# function stopVServers() {  getVServers  VSERVER_IDS=""  VSERVER_NAMES=""  for vserver in "${vserversArray[@]}"  do   VSERVER_ID=${vserver%%|*}   vserver=${vserver#*|}   VSERVER_NAME=${vserver%%|*}   if [[ "$VSERVER" == "" || "$VSERVER" == "$VSERVER_NAME" ]]   then    if [[ "$VSERVER_IDS" == "" ]]    then     VSERVER_IDS=$VSERVER_ID     VSERVER_NAMES=$VSERVER_NAME    else     VSERVER_IDS=$VSERVER_IDS","$VSERVER_ID     VSERVER_NAMES=$VSERVER_NAMES","$VSERVER_NAME    fi   fi  done  if [[ "$VSERVER_IDS" != "" ]]  then   echo "Stopping vServer(s) [$VSERVER_NAMES] [$VSERVER_IDS]"   $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-stop-vservers --vserver-ids $VSERVER_IDS --force  else   echo "No vServers to stop"  fi } ############################################################# ## ## startVServers ## ============= ## ## Start one or more vServers stopped within the currently ## connected Account. If a specific vServer Name is passed in ## $VSERVER as specified on the command line using -v then ## this will be the one started. If no VSERVER is specified ## then all vServers in the Account will be started. ## ############################################################# function startVServers() {  getVServers  VSERVER_IDS=""  VSERVER_NAMES=""  for vserver in "${vserversArray[@]}"  do   VSERVER_ID=${vserver%%|*}   vserver=${vserver#*|}   VSERVER_NAME=${vserver%%|*}   if [[ "$VSERVER" == "" || "$VSERVER" == "$VSERVER_NAME" ]]   then    if [[ "$VSERVER_IDS" == "" ]]    then     VSERVER_IDS=$VSERVER_ID     VSERVER_NAMES=$VSERVER_NAME    else     VSERVER_IDS=$VSERVER_IDS","$VSERVER_ID     VSERVER_NAMES=$VSERVER_NAMES","$VSERVER_NAME    fi   fi  done  if [[ "$VSERVER_IDS" != "" ]]  then   echo "Starting vServer(s) [$VSERVER_NAMES] [$VSERVER_IDS]"   $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-start-vservers --vserver-ids $VSERVER_IDS  else   echo "No vServers to start"  fi } ############################################################# ## ## rebootVServers ## ============== ## ## Reboot one or more vServers stopped within the currently ## connected Account. If a specific vServer Name is passed in ## $VSERVER as specified on the command line using -v then ## this will be the one started. If no VSERVER is specified ## then all vServers in the Account will be started. ## ############################################################# function rebootVServers() {  getVServers  VSERVER_IDS=""  VSERVER_NAMES=""  for vserver in "${vserversArray[@]}"  do   VSERVER_ID=${vserver%%|*}   vserver=${vserver#*|}   VSERVER_NAME=${vserver%%|*}   if [[ "$VSERVER" == "" || "$VSERVER" == "$VSERVER_NAME" ]]   then    if [[ "$VSERVER_IDS" == "" ]]    then     VSERVER_IDS=$VSERVER_ID     VSERVER_NAMES=$VSERVER_NAME    else     VSERVER_IDS=$VSERVER_IDS","$VSERVER_ID     VSERVER_NAMES=$VSERVER_NAMES","$VSERVER_NAME    fi   fi  done  if [[ "$VSERVER_IDS" != "" ]]  then   echo "Rebooting vServer(s) [$VSERVER_NAMES] [$VSERVER_IDS]"   $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-reboot-vservers --vserver-ids $VSERVER_IDS  else   echo "No vServers to reboot"  fi } ############################################################# ## ## listVServers ## ============ ## ## List the vServers running on the specified Account is ## the verbose flag is set then all vServer details will be ## displayed otherwise simple the Acc and Name. ## ############################################################# function listVServers() {     getVServers     for vserver in "${vserversArray[@]}"     do         VSERVER_ID=${vserver%%|*}         vserver=${vserver#*|}         VSERVER_NAME=${vserver%%|*}         vserver=${vserver#*|}         if [[ "$VSERVER" == "" || "$VSERVER" == "$VSERVER_NAME" ]]         then             if [[ "$VERBOSE" == "true" ]]             then                 if [[ "$HRF" == "true" ]]                 then                     DESCRIPTION=${vserver%%|*}                     vserver=${vserver#*|}                     STATE=${vserver%%|*}                     vserver=${vserver#*|}                     NETWORK_IDS=${vserver%%|*}                     vserver=${vserver#*|}                     NETWORK_IPS=${vserver%%|*}                     vserver=${vserver#*|}                     TEMPLATE_ID=${vserver%%|*}                     vserver=${vserver#*|}                     SSH_KEY=${vserver%%|*}                     vserver=${vserver#*|}                     VSTYPE_ID=${vserver%%|*}                     vserver=${vserver#*|}                     getNetworks                     getTemplates                     getVSTypes                     # Get VServer Type Name                     getVSTypeName                     # Get Template Type Name                     getTemplateName                     echo "$ACCOUNT_NAME|$VSERVER_NAME|$VSERVER_ID"                     echo "     Name        : $VSERVER_NAME"                     echo "     Description : "$(echo $DESCRIPTION | sed 's/_/ /g')                     echo "     State       : $STATE"                     for NETWORK_ID in ${NETWORK_IDS//,/ }                     do                         NETWORK_IP=${NETWORK_IPS%%,*}                         NETWORK_IPS=${NETWORK_IPS#*,}                         getNetworkName                         echo "     Network     : $NETWORK_NAME ($NETWORK_IP) [$NETWORK_ID]"                     done                     echo "     Template    : $TEMPLATE_NAME [$TEMPLATE_ID]"                     echo "     Server Type : $VSTYPE_NAME [$VSTYPE_ID]"                 else                     echo "$ACCOUNT_NAME|$VSERVER_NAME|$VSERVER_ID|"$(echo $vserver | sed 's/_/ /g')                 fi             else                 echo "$ACCOUNT_NAME|$VSERVER_NAME"             fi         fi     done } ############################################################# ## ## listVServerStatus ## ================= ## ## List the Status of the vServers within an Account. ## ############################################################# function listVServerStatus() {  getVServers  for vserver in "${vserversArray[@]}"  do   VSERVER_ID=${vserver%%|*}   vserver=${vserver#*|}   VSERVER_NAME=${vserver%%|*}   vserver=${vserver#*|}   VSERVER_DESC=${vserver%%|*}   vserver=${vserver#*|}   VSERVER_STATUS=${vserver%%|*}   if [[ "$VSERVER" == "" || "$VSERVER" == "$VSERVER_NAME" ]]   then    echo "$ACCOUNT_NAME|$VSERVER_NAME|$VSERVER_STATUS"   fi  done } ############################################################# ## ## listVNets ## ========= ## ## List the Networks within an Account. ## ############################################################# function listVNets() {  getNetworks  for vnet in "${vnetsArray[@]}"  do   VNET_ID=${vnet%%|*}   vnet=${vnet#*|}   VNET_NAME=${vnet%%|*}   vnet=${vnet#*|}   if [[ "$VERBOSE" == "true" ]]   then    echo "$ACCOUNT_NAME|$VNET_NAME|$VNET_ID|"$(echo $vnet | sed 's/_/ /g')   else    VNET_DESC=${vnet%%|*}    vnet=${vnet#*|}    VNET_STATUS=${vnet%%|*}    vnet=${vnet#*|}    VNET_IP=${vnet%%|*}    echo "$ACCOUNT_NAME|$VNET_NAME|$VNET_IP"   fi  done } ############################################################# ## ## listDistributionGroups ## ====================== ## ## List the Distribution Groups within an Account. ## ############################################################# function listDistributionGroups() {  getDistributionGroups  for distGrp in "${distGrpsArray[@]}"  do   DG_ID=${distGrp%%|*}   distGrp=${distGrp#*|}   DG_NAME=${distGrp%%|*}   distGrp=${distGrp#*|}   if [[ "$VERBOSE" == "true" ]]   then    echo "$ACCOUNT_NAME|$DG_NAME|$DG_ID|"$(echo $distGrp | sed 's/_/ /g')   else    DG_DESC=${distGrp%%|*}    distGrp=${distGrp#*|}    DG_STATUS=${distGrp%%|*}    echo "$ACCOUNT_NAME|$DG_NAME|$VNET_IP"   fi  done } ############################################################# ## ## listTemplates ## ============= ## ## List the Templates within an Account. ## ############################################################# function listTemplates() {  getTemplates  for template in "${templatesArray[@]}"  do   TEMPLATE_ID=${template%%|*}   template=${template#*|}   TEMPLATE_NAME=${template%%|*}   template=${template#*|}   if [[ "$VERBOSE" == "true" ]]   then    echo "$ACCOUNT_NAME|$TEMPLATE_NAME|$TEMPLATE_ID|"$(echo $template | sed 's/_/ /g')   else    TEMPLATE_DESC=${template%%|*}    template=${template#*|}    TEMPLATE_STATUS=${template%%|*}    echo "$ACCOUNT_NAME|$TEMPLATE_NAME"   fi  done } ############################################################# ## ## listVolumes ## =========== ## ## List the Volumes within an Account. ## ############################################################# function listVolumes() {  getVolumes  for volume in "${volumesArray[@]}"  do   VOLUME_ID=${volume%%|*}   volume=${volume#*|}   VOLUME_NAME=${volume%%|*}   volume=${volume#*|}   if [[ "$VERBOSE" == "true" ]]   then    echo "$ACCOUNT_NAME|$VOLUME_NAME|$VOLUME_ID|"$(echo $volume | sed 's/_/ /g')   else    VOLUME_DESC=${volume%%|*}    volume=${volume#*|}    VOLUME_STATUS=${volume%%|*}    volume=${volume#*|}    VOLUME_SIZE=${volume%%|*}    echo "$ACCOUNT_NAME|$VOLUME_NAME|$VOLUME_SIZE"   fi  done } ############################################################# ## ## getAccountId ## ============ ## ## Get the Account id based on the supplied name. ## ############################################################# function getAccountId() { echo $accountArray     for account in "${accountsArray[@]}"     do         ACCOUNT_ID=${account%%|*}         account=${account#*|}         ACCOUNT_NAME=${account%%|*}         if [[ "$ACCOUNT" == "$ACCOUNT_NAME" &amp;&amp; "$ACCOUNT_ID" == ACC-* ]]         then             break         fi         ACCOUNT_ID=""     done } ############################################################# ## ## getDistributionGroupId ## ====================== ## ## Get the Distribution Group id based on the supplied name. ## ############################################################# function getDistributionGroupId() {     for line in "${distGrpsArray[@]}"     do             DISTGROUP_ID=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             NAME=${line%%|*}             if [[ "$NAME" == "$DISTGROUP_NAME" ]]             then                     break             fi             DISTGROUP_ID=""     done } ############################################################# ## ## getIPAddress ## ============ ## ## Get a static IP Address for a given network if an * is ## supplied. If an IP Address is supplied it simple returns ## specified IP. ## ############################################################# function getIPAddress() {     echo "Checking IP Address $IP_ADDRESS"     if [[ "$IP_ADDRESS" == "*" ]]     then             allocateIPAddress     fi     echo "Returning IP Address $IP_ADDRESS" } ############################################################# ## ## allocateIPAddress ## ================= ## ## Allocate a single IP Address from a specified Network. ## ############################################################# function allocateIPAddress() {     IP_ADDRESS=`$IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-allocate-ip-addresses --vnet $NETWORK_ID --num 1` } ############################################################# ## ## getNetworkId ## ============ ## ## Get the Network id based on the supplied name. ## ############################################################# function getNetworkId() {     for line in "${vnetsArray[@]}"     do             NETWORK_ID=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             NAME=${line%%|*}             if [[ "$NAME" == "$NETWORK_NAME" ]]             then                     break             fi             NETWORK_ID=""     done } ############################################################# ## ## getNetworkName ## ============== ## ## Gets the name of a network based on the Id. ## ############################################################# function getNetworkName() {     NETWORK_NAME=""     for line in "${vnetsArray[@]}"     do         ID=${line%%|*}         line=${line#*|}         NAME=${line%%|*}         if [[ "$ID" == "$NETWORK_ID" ]]         then             NETWORK_NAME=$NAME             break         fi     done } ############################################################# ## ## getVNetworkState ## ================ ## ## Loop through the Networks associated with the Account ## checking to see if the creation has completed and the ## network has a status of OK. At this point return. ## ############################################################# function getVNetworkState() {     getNetworks     for line in "${vnetsArray[@]}"     do             NETWORK_ID=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             NAME=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             line=${line#*|}             NETWORK_STATE=${line%%|*}             if [[ "$NETWORK_NAME" == "$NAME" ]]             then                     break;             fi     done } ############################################################# ## ## getTemplateId ## ============= ## ## Get the Template id based on the supplied name. ## ############################################################# function getTemplateId() {     for line in "${templatesArray[@]}"     do             TEMPLATE_ID=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             NAME=${line%%|*}             if [[ "$TEMPLATE_NAME" == "$NAME" ]]             then                     break             fi             TEMPLATE_ID=""     done } ############################################################# ## ## getTemplateState ## ================ ## ## Loop through the Template associated with the Account ## checking to see if the upload has completed and the ## template has a status of OK. At this point return. ## ############################################################# function getTemplateState() {     getTemplates     for line in "${templatesArray[@]}"     do         TEMPLATE_ID=${line%%|*}         line=${line#*|}         NAME=${line%%|*}         line=${line#*|}         line=${line#*|}         TEMPLATE_STATE=${line%%|*}         if [[ "$TEMPLATE_NAME" == "$NAME" ]]         then                 break;         fi     done } ############################################################# ## ## getTemplateName ## =============== ## ## Gets the name of a Template based on the Id. ## ############################################################# function getTemplateName() {     TEMPLATE_NAME=""     for line in "${templatesArray[@]}"     do         ID=${line%%|*}         line=${line#*|}         NAME=${line%%|*}         if [[ "$ID" == "$TEMPLATE_ID" ]]         then             TEMPLATE_NAME=$NAME             break         fi     done } ############################################################# ## ## getVolumeId ## =========== ## ## Get the Volume id based on the supplied name. ## ############################################################# function getVolumeId() {     for line in "${volumesArray[@]}"     do             VOLUME_ID=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             NAME=${line%%|*}             if [[ "$NAME" == "$VOLUME_NAME" ]]             then                     break;             fi             VOLUME_ID=""     done } ############################################################# ## ## getVServerId ## ============ ## ## Get the VServer id based on the supplied name. ## ############################################################# function getVServerId() {     for line in "${vserversArray[@]}"     do             VSERVER_ID=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             NAME=${line%%|*}             if [[ "$VSERVER_NAME" == "$NAME" ]]             then                     break;             fi             VSERVER_ID=""     done } ############################################################# ## ## getVServerState ## =============== ## ## Get the VServer running state based on the supplied name. ## ############################################################# function getVServerState() {     getVServers     for line in "${vserversArray[@]}"     do             VSERVER_ID=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             NAME=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             DESCRIPTION=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             VSERVER_STATE=${line%%|*}             if [[ "$VSERVER_NAME" == "$NAME" ]]             then                     break;             fi     done } ############################################################# ## ## getVSTypeId ## =========== ## ## Get the VServer Type id based on the supplied name. ## ############################################################# function getVSTypeId() {     for line in "${vsTypesArray[@]}"     do         VSTYPE_ID=${line%%|*}         line=${line#*|}         NAME=${line%%|*}         if [[ "$VSTYPE_NAME" == "$NAME" ]]         then             break         fi         VSTYPE_ID=""     done } ############################################################# ## ## getVSTypeName ## ============= ## ## Gets the name of a vServer Type based on the Id. ## ############################################################# function getVSTypeName() {     VSTYPE_NAME=""     for line in "${vsTypesArray[@]}"     do         ID=${line%%|*}         line=${line#*|}         NAME=${line%%|*}         if [[ "$ID" == "$VSTYPE_ID" ]]         then             VSTYPE_NAME=$NAME             break         fi     done } ############################################################# ## ## createDistributionGroup ## ======================= ## ## Create a Distribution Group based on the supplied details. ## ############################################################# function createDistributionGroup() {     # Create Distribution Group     echo "About to execute : $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-create-distribution-group --name $DISTGROUP_NAME"     $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-create-distribution-group --name $DISTGROUP_NAME     # Lets pause     pauseUntilDistributionGroupCreated } ############################################################# ## ## pauseUntilDistributionGroupCreated ## ================================== ## ## Pause the script until the Distribution Group has been created. ## ############################################################# function pauseUntilDistributionGroupCreated() {     getDistributionGroups     getDistributionGroupId     while [[ "$DISTGROUP_ID" == "" ]]     do         # Lets pause         echo "Just Waiting 30 Seconds......"         sleep 30         getDistributionGroups         getDistributionGroupId     done } ############################################################# ## ## createVirtualNetwork ## ==================== ## ## Create a Virtual Private Network based on the name ## supplied. ## ############################################################# function createVirtualNetwork() {     #     echo "About to execute : $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-create-vnet --name $NETWORK_NAME --size $NETWORK_IPS "     $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-create-vnet --name $NETWORK_NAME --size $NETWORK_IPS   # Lets pause     pauseUntilVirtualNetworkCreated } ############################################################# ## ## pauseUntilVirtualNetworkCreated ## =============================== ## ## Pause the script until the Virtual Private Network has ## been created. ## ############################################################# function pauseUntilVirtualNetworkCreated() {     echo "Pausing until Virtual Network creation has completed"     getVNetworkState     while [[ "$NETWORK_STATE" != "OK" ]]     do         echo "$NAME $NETWORK_STATE"         if [[ "$NETWORK_STATE" != "SCHEDULED" ]]         then                 echo "Sleeping......."                 sleep 30         elif [[ "$NETWORK_STATE" != "RUNNING" ]]         then                 echo "Sleeping......."                 sleep 30         fi         getVNetworkState     done } ############################################################# ## ## createVolume ## ============ ## ## Create a Volume based on the supplied details. ## ############################################################# function createVolume() {     # Create Volume     echo "About to execute : $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-create-volume --name $VOLUME_NAME --size $VOLUME_SIZE"     $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-create-volume --name $VOLUME_NAME --size $VOLUME_SIZE   # Lets pause   pauseUntilVolumeCreated } ############################################################# ## ## pauseUntilVolumeCreated ## ======================= ## ## Pause the script until the Volume has been created. ## ############################################################# function pauseUntilVolumeCreated() {     getVolumes     getVolumeId     while [[ "$VOLUME_ID" == "" ]]     do         # Lets pause         echo "Just Waiting 30 Seconds......"         sleep 30         getVolumes         getVolumeId     done } ############################################################# ## ## createVServer ## ============= ## ## Create a vServer based on the supplied details. ## ############################################################# function createVServer() {     echo "Creating vServer $VSERVER_NAME"     # Get Ids associated with names     getVSTypeId     getTemplateId     # Convert Network Names to Ids     NETWORK_IDS=""     # Validated IPs     NETWORK_IPS=""     # Reset SSH IP Address it will be used to disable SSH Key     SSH_IP_ADDRESS=""     while true     do             # Get ID and add to list             NETWORK_NAME=${NETWORK_NAMES%%,*}             NETWORK_NAMES=${NETWORK_NAMES#*,}             getNetworkId             if [[ "$NETWORK_IDS" != "" ]]             then                     NETWORK_IDS="$NETWORK_IDS,$NETWORK_ID"             else                     NETWORK_IDS=$NETWORK_ID             fi             # Check IPs             IP_ADDRESS=${IP_ADDRESSES%%,*}             IP_ADDRESSES=${IP_ADDRESSES#*,}             getIPAddress             if [[ "$NETWORK_IPS" != "" ]]             then                     NETWORK_IPS="$NETWORK_IPS,$IP_ADDRESS"             else                     NETWORK_IPS=$IP_ADDRESS             fi             # Set the SSH IP to the first IP address we will assume the server is accessible via this IP             if [[ "$SSH_IP_ADDRESS" == "" ]]             then                     SSH_IP_ADDRESS=$IP_ADDRESS             elif [[ "$NETWORK_NAME" == "IPoIB-vserver-shared-storage" ]]             then                     # Prefer the IPoIB-vserver-shared-storage if this is used                     SSH_IP_ADDRESS=$IP_ADDRESS             fi             # If I've processed all then exit             if [[ "$NETWORK_NAME" == "$NETWORK_NAMES" ]]             then                     break             fi     done     getDistributionGroupId     if [[ "$DESCRIPTION" == "" ]]     then         DESCRIPTION="Created by $0"     fi     # Create vServer     if [[ "$DISTGROUP_ID" != "" ]]     then             echo "About to execute : $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-run-vserver --name $VSERVER_NAME --key-name $KEY_NAME --vserver-type $VSTYPE_ID --server-template-id $TEMPLATE_ID --vnets $NETWORK_IDS --ip-addresses $NETWORK_IPS --dist-group $DISTGROUP_ID"             $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-run-vserver --name $VSERVER_NAME --key-name $KEY_NAME --vserver-type $VSTYPE_ID --server-template-id $TEMPLATE_ID --vnets $NETWORK_IDS --ip-addresses $NETWORK_IPS --dist-group $DISTGROUP_ID --desc "$DESCRIPTION"     else             echo "About to execute : $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-run-vserver --name $VSERVER_NAME --key-name $KEY_NAME --vserver-type $VSTYPE_ID --server-template-id $TEMPLATE_ID --vnets $NETWORK_IDS --ip-addresses $NETWORK_IPS"             $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-run-vserver --name $VSERVER_NAME --key-name $KEY_NAME --vserver-type $VSTYPE_ID --server-template-id $TEMPLATE_ID --vnets $NETWORK_IDS --ip-addresses $NETWORK_IPS --desc "$DESCRIPTION"     fi     pauseUntilVServerRunning     if [[ "$REMOVE_SSH_KEYS" == "true" ]]     then             removeSshKeyRequirement     fi     echo "vServer $VSERVER_NAME has been created" } ############################################################# ## ## removeSshKeyRequirement ## ======================= ## ## When a vServer is created using the cli the it is set up ## with a ssh key this function will remove that requirement. ## ############################################################# function removeSshKeyRequirement() {     SSH_FLAGS="-i $KEY_FILE -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no"     SSH_IP_ADDRESS=""     for IP in ${NETWORK_IPS//,/ }     do         # Test first with expect because IP is probably not in the list of known hosts SSH_RESULT=$((expect - &lt;&lt; EOF spawn ssh $SSH_FLAGS root@$IP  "hostname" expect -re "assword" send "Password\r" expect -re "~]#" send "hostname\r\n" set timeout 10 EOF ) | while read line; do if test "${line#*$VSERVER_NAME}" != "$line"; then echo $VSERVER_NAME; fi; done) if [[ "$SSH_RESULT" != "$VSERVER_NAME" ]] then SSH_RESULT=$((expect - &lt;&lt; EOF spawn ssh $SSH_FLAGS root@$IP  "hostname" expect -re "assword" send "Password\r" expect -re "~]#" send "hostname\r\n" set timeout 10 EOF ) | while read line; do if test "${line#*$VSERVER_NAME}" != "$line"; then echo $VSERVER_NAME; fi; done) fi         if [[ "$SSH_RESULT" == "$VSERVER_NAME" ]]         then                 echo "$IP Address works for ssh"                 SSH_IP_ADDRESS=$IP                 break;         else                 echo "$IP Address does not work for ssh"         fi     done     if [[ "$SSH_IP_ADDRESS" != "" ]]     then         echo ""         echo "Removing ssh key requirement for $VSERVER_NAME on $SSH_IP_ADDRESS"         ssh $SSH_FLAGS root@$SSH_IP_ADDRESS "cp /etc/ssh/sshd_config /etc/ssh/sshd_config.orig"         ssh $SSH_FLAGS root@$SSH_IP_ADDRESS "sed 's/PasswordAuthentication no/PasswordAuthentication yes/g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config.orig &gt; /etc/ssh/sshd_config"         ssh $SSH_FLAGS root@$SSH_IP_ADDRESS "service sshd restart"         echo "Removed ssh key requirement for $VSERVER_NAME"     else         echo ""         echo "Unable to find a route to $VSERVER_NAME to remove the ssh key requirement you will need to do the following"         echo ""         echo "1. ssh into the vServer using: ssh -i $KEY_FILE -l root "         echo "2. Edit /etc/ssh/sshd_config and replace \"PasswordAuthentication no\" with \"PasswordAuthentication yes\""         echo "3. Restart sshd service: service sshd restart"         echo ""         echo "cp /etc/ssh/sshd_config /etc/ssh/sshd_config.orig"         echo "sed \'s/PasswordAuthentication no/PasswordAuthentication yes/\' /etc/ssh/sshd_config.orig &gt; /etc/ssh/sshd_config"         echo "service sshd restart"         echo ""         KEEP_PUB_KEY=true     fi } ############################################################# ## ## pauseUntilVServerRunning ## ======================== ## ## Pause the script until the vServer is running. ## ############################################################# function pauseUntilVServerRunning() {  # Wait until the Server is running before creating the next  echo "Pausing until vServer is Running"   getVServerState   while [[ "$VSERVER_STATE" != "RUNNING" ]]   do    echo "$NAME $VSERVER_STATE"    if [[ "$VSERVER_STATE" != "RUNNING" ]]    then     echo "Sleeping......."     sleep 30    fi    if [[ "$VSERVER_STATE" == "FAILED" ]]    then     echo "$NAME Will Delete Automatically after remaining Failed for a period....."      break    fi    getVServerState   done   echo "$NAME $VSERVER_STATE"   # Lets pause for a minute or two   echo "Just Waiting 30 Seconds......"   sleep 30 } ############################################################# ## ## pauseUntilVServerShutdown ## ======================== ## ## Pause the script until the vServer is shutdown. ## ############################################################# function pauseUntilVServerShutdown() {     # Wait until the Server is shutdown before creating the next   echo "Pausing until vServer has Shutdown"   getVServerState   while [[ "$VSERVER_STATE" != "SHUTDOWNDETACHED" ]]   do    echo "$NAME $VSERVER_STATE"    if [[ "$VSERVER_STATE" != "SHUTDOWNDETACHED" ]]    then     echo "Sleeping......."     sleep 30    fi    getVServerState   done   echo "$NAME $VSERVER_STATE"   # Lets pause for a minute or two   echo "Just Waiting 30 Seconds......"   sleep 30 } ############################################################# ## ## attachVolume ## ======================= ## ## Attach a Volume to a vServer. ## ############################################################# function attachVolume() {     # Get vServer Id     getVServerId     # Convert Volume Names to Ids     VOLUME_IDS=""     while true     do         VOLUME_NAME=${VOLUME_NAMES%%,*}         VOLUME_NAMES=${VOLUME_NAMES#*,}         getVolumeId         if [[ "$VOLUME_IDS" != "" ]]         then                 VOLUME_IDS="$VOLUME_IDS,$VOLUME_ID"         else                 VOLUME_IDS=$VOLUME_ID         fi         if [[ "$VOLUME_NAME" == "$VOLUME_NAMES" ]]         then             break         fi     done     # Attach Volumes     echo "About to execute : $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-attach-volumes-to-vserver --vserver-id $VSERVER_ID --volume-ids $VOLUME_IDS"     $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-attach-volumes-to-vserver --vserver-id $VSERVER_ID --volume-ids $VOLUME_IDS   # Lets pause   echo "Just Waiting 30 Seconds......"   sleep 30 } ############################################################# ## ## uploadServerTemplate ## ==================== ## ## Upload a tgz file that defines a server template. It is ## recommended these be copied to the ZFS first and then the ## appropriate URL from the ZFS be used. ## ############################################################# function uploadServerTemplate() {     # Upload Template     echo "About to execute : $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-create-server-template-from-url --name $TEMPLATE_NAME --url $TEMPLATE_URL"     $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-create-server-template-from-url --name $TEMPLATE_NAME --url $TEMPLATE_URL   # Lets pause     pauseUntilServerTemplateUploaded } function deleteServerTemplate() {     $IAAS_HOME/bin/iaas-delete-server-template --force --server-template-id $TEMPLATE_ID } ############################################################# ## ## pauseUntilServerTemplateUploaded ## ================================ ## ## Pause the script until the Template file has been uploaded ## to the Account. ## ############################################################# function pauseUntilServerTemplateUploaded() {     echo "Pausing until Template upload has completed"   getTemplateState   while [[ "$TEMPLATE_STATE" != "OK" ]]   do    echo "$NAME $TEMPLATE_STATE"    if [[ "$TEMPLATE_STATE" != "SCHEDULED" ]]    then             echo "Sleeping......."             sleep 30    elif [[ "$TEMPLATE_STATE" != "RUNNING" ]]    then             echo "Sleeping......."             sleep 30    elif [[ "$TEMPLATE_STATE" != "FAILED" ]]    then             deleteServerTemplate             echo "Sleeping......."             sleep 30    fi    getTemplateState   done } ############################################################# ## ## createAssets ## ============ ## ## This function loops through the information defined in ## the input file looking for actions to be executed. It will ## process the entries sequentially and simply call the ## appropriate sub-function to execute the iaas commands. ## Entries with invalid Actions will simply be ignored along ## with blank lines. ## ############################################################# function createAssets() {  # Read Entries into an Array  assetArray=( $(grep ":" $ASSET_FILE) )  # Process Array  for line in "${assetArray[@]}"  do   #echo "Processing Line: $line"   ACCOUNT=${line%%:*}   line=${line#*:}   ACTION=${line%%|*}   line=${line#*|}   if [[ "$ACTION" == "Connect" ]]   then                     ACCOUNT_USER=${line%%|*}                     line=${line#*|}                     ACCOUNT_PASSWORD=${line%%|*}                     IAAS_USER=$ACCOUNT_USER                     echo "$ACCOUNT_PASSWORD" &gt; $IAAS_PASSWORD_FILE                     getAccounts                     getAccountId                     connectToAccount                     ## Account Info                     getNetworks                     getVSTypes                     getTemplates   elif [[ "$ACTION" == "Create" ]]   then                     ASSET=${line%%|*}                     line=${line#*|}                     ASSET_DETAILS=$line                     if [[ "$ASSET" == "vServer" ]]                     then                         getDistributionGroups                         VSERVER_NAME=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         ASSET_DETAILS=${ASSET_DETAILS#*|}                         VSTYPE_NAME=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         ASSET_DETAILS=${ASSET_DETAILS#*|}                         TEMPLATE_NAME=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         ASSET_DETAILS=${ASSET_DETAILS#*|}                         NETWORK_NAMES=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         ASSET_DETAILS=${ASSET_DETAILS#*|}                         IP_ADDRESSES=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         ASSET_DETAILS=${ASSET_DETAILS#*|}                         DISTGROUP_NAME=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         ASSET_DETAILS=${ASSET_DETAILS#*|}                         DESCRIPTION=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         createVServer                     elif [[ "$ASSET" == "vServers" ]]                     then                         getDistributionGroups                         createVServers                     elif [[ "$ASSET" == "Volume" ]]                     then                         VOLUME_NAME=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         ASSET_DETAILS=${ASSET_DETAILS#*|}                         VOLUME_SIZE=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         createVolume                     elif [[ "$ASSET" == "DistributionGroup" ]]                     then                         DISTGROUP_NAME=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         ASSET_DETAILS=${ASSET_DETAILS#*|}                         # Size is never specified                         # DISTGROUP_SIZE=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         createDistributionGroup                     elif [[ "$ASSET" == "VirtualNetwork" ]]                     then                         NETWORK_NAME=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         ASSET_DETAILS=${ASSET_DETAILS#*|}                         NETWORK_IPS=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         createVirtualNetwork                     fi   elif [[ "$ACTION" == "Upload" ]]   then                     ASSET=${line%%|*}                     line=${line#*|}                     ASSET_DETAILS=$line                     if [[ "$ASSET" == "ServerTemplate" ]]                     then                         TEMPLATE_NAME=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         ASSET_DETAILS=${ASSET_DETAILS#*|}                         TEMPLATE_URL=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         uploadServerTemplate                     fi   elif [[ "$ACTION" == "Attach" ]]   then                     ASSET=${line%%|*}                     line=${line#*|}                     ASSET_DETAILS=$line                     if [[ "$ASSET" == "Volume" ]]                     then                         getVolumes                         getVServers                         VSERVER_NAME=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         ASSET_DETAILS=${ASSET_DETAILS#*|}                         VOLUME_NAMES=${ASSET_DETAILS%%|*}                         attachVolume                     fi   elif [[ "$ACTION" == "Disconnect" ]]   then                     disconnectFromAccount   fi  done } #export RUN_DATE=`date +"%Y%m%d-%H%M"` ############################################################# ## ## copyServerFiles ## =============== ## ## Copy the vServer img files to working location. ## ############################################################# function copyServerFiles() {     echo "Copying vServer Files"     TEMPLATE_DIR=$WORKING_DIR/$VSERVER_NAME/template/BASE     VIRTUAL_MACHINES_DIR=$REPOSITORY_DIR/VirtualMachines     VIRTUAL_DISKS_DIR=$REPOSITORY_DIR/VirtualDisks     ROOT_IMG_FILE=""     GREP_VM_CFG=`grep "'$VSERVER_NAME'" $VIRTUAL_MACHINES_DIR/*/vm.cfg`     VM_CFG=${GREP_VM_CFG%%:*}     mkdir -p $TEMPLATE_DIR     cp $VM_CFG $TEMPLATE_DIR     DISKS=`grep disk $VM_CFG`     FILES=${DISKS#*:}     DISK_CNT=0     VM_CFG_TEMPLATE_NAME=$VSERVER_NAME"_TEMPLATE"     while [[ "$DISKS" != "$FILES" ]]     do         #echo "FILES = $FILES"         #echo "DISKS = $DISKS"         #echo "DISK_CNT = $DISK_CNT"         IMG_FILE=${FILES%%,*}         echo "Copying $IMG_FILE"         # Set root image we assume the first         if [[ "$ROOT_IMG_FILE" == "" ]]         then             cp $IMG_FILE $TEMPLATE_DIR/System.img             SYSTEM_IMG=${IMG_FILE#*VirtualDisks/}             ROOT_IMG_FILE=$TEMPLATE_DIR/$SYSTEM_IMG             ROOT_IMG_FILE=$TEMPLATE_DIR/System.img             #echo "Root Image $ROOT_IMG_FILE"             NEW_DISKS="'file:/OVS/seed_pool/$VM_CFG_TEMPLATE_NAME/System.img,hda,w'"         else             cp $IMG_FILE $TEMPLATE_DIR/System$DISK_CNT.img             #echo "Secondary Image $IMG_FILE"             FILES=${FILES#*,}             #echo "FILES = $FILES"             IMG_FILE_TYPE=${FILES%%\'*}             #echo "IMG_FILE_TYPE = $IMG_FILE_TYPE"             NEW_DISKS=$NEW_DISKS", 'file:/OVS/seed_pool/$VM_CFG_TEMPLATE_NAME/System$DISK_CNT.img,$IMG_FILE_TYPE'"         fi         # Shuffle line for next disk         DISKS=${DISKS#*:}         FILES=${DISKS#*:}         DISK_CNT=$((DISK_CNT+1))     done     # Generate vm.cfg     # Add Standard name format to allow ModifyJeOS to work     echo "name = '$VM_CFG_TEMPLATE_NAME'" &gt; $TEMPLATE_DIR/vm.cfg     echo "disk = [$NEW_DISKS]" &gt;&gt; $TEMPLATE_DIR/vm.cfg     echo "OVM_simple_name = ''" &gt;&gt; $TEMPLATE_DIR/vm.cfg     # Copy remaining content of vm.cfg     while read line     do         if [[ "$line" =~ ^name.*|^disk.*|^OVM_simple_name.*|^boot.*|^cpu_weight.*|^cpu_cap.*|^OVM_high_availability.*|^OVM_description.*|^on_poweroff.*|^guest_of_type.*|^vfb.* ]]         then             echo "Ignoring vm.cfg entry : $line"         else             echo $line &gt;&gt; $TEMPLATE_DIR/vm.cfg         fi     done &lt; $VM_CFG } ############################################################# ## ## unconfigureVM ## ============= ## ## Remove / edit the files that a created / modified when the ## template has been used to created a vServer. ## ############################################################# function unconfigureVM() {     echo "Unconfiguring Root Image $ROOT_IMG_FILE"     cd $WORKING_DIR     # Make Temp Mount Directory     mkdir -p $SYSTEMIMGDIR     # Check if we are using LVM     if [[ "$LVM" == "true" ]]     then         kpartx -a $ROOT_IMG_FILE         vgscan         vgchange -ay $VOL_GRP         vgdisplay -s|grep $VOL_GRP         if [[ "$?" == "1" ]]         then             echo could not find volume group: $VOL_GRP             echo please cleanup mapped device             exit         else             echo found volume group: $VOL_GRP         fi         lvdisplay -c|grep $LOG_VOL         if [[ "$?" == "1" ]]         then             echo could not find logical volume: $LOG_VOL             echo please cleanup mapped devices and run vgchange -an $VOL_GRP             exit         else             echo found logical volume: $LOG_VOL         fi         ls -l /dev/mapper/$VOL_GRP-$LOG_VOL         read p1         mount /dev/mapper/$VOL_GRP-$LOG_VOL $SYSTEMIMGDIR         if [[ "$?" == "1" ]]         then             echo "Failed to mount image file - exiting"             exit         fi     else         # Mount the Image file         export LOOP=`losetup -f`         # Create Loop for the System Image         losetup $LOOP $ROOT_IMG_FILE         kpartx -a $LOOP         mount /dev/mapper/`basename $LOOP`p2 $SYSTEMIMGDIR         if [[ "$?" == "1" ]]         then             echo "Failed to mount image file - exiting"             exit         fi     fi     echo "Mounted $SYSTEMIMGDIR"     #Change Dir into mounted Image     cd $SYSTEMIMGDIR     # Unconfigure     cp etc/sysconfig/ovmd etc/sysconfig/ovmd.orig     sed 's/INITIAL_CONFIG=no/INITIAL_CONFIG=yes/g' etc/sysconfig/ovmd.orig &gt; etc/sysconfig/ovmd     rm -v etc/sysconfig/ovmd.orig     cp etc/resolv.conf etc/resolv.conf.$RUN_DATE     if [[ "$KEEP_RESOLV" != "true" ]]     then         sed -i '/.*/d' etc/resolv.conf     else         echo "Keeping unmodified resolv.conf"     fi     # Remove existing ssh information     rm -v root/.ssh/*     rm -v etc/ssh/ssh_host*     # Clean up hosts     cp etc/hosts etc/hosts.$RUN_DATE     cp etc/sysconfig/networking/profiles/default/hosts etc/sysconfig/networking/profiles/default/hosts.$RUN_DATE     if [[ "$KEEP_HOSTS" != "true" ]]     then         sed -i '/localhost/!d' etc/hosts         sed -i '/localhost/!d' etc/sysconfig/networking/profiles/default/hosts     else         echo "Keeping unmodified hosts"     fi     # Clean up networking     sed -i '/^GATEWAY/d' etc/sysconfig/network     # Remove Network scripts     rm -v etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-*eth*     rm -v etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ib*     rm -v etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-bond*     # Remove log files     rm -v var/log/messages*     rm -v var/log/ovm-template-config.log     rm -v var/log/ovm-network.log     rm -v var/log/boot.log*     rm -v var/log/cron*     rm -v var/log/maillog*     rm -v var/log/rpmpkgs*     rm -v var/log/secure*     rm -v var/log/spooler*     rm -v var/log/yum.log*     # Remove Kernel Messages     rm -v var/log/dmesg     # Edit modprobe file     sed -i '/bond/d' etc/modprobe.conf     # Edit hwconf file     cp etc/sysconfig/hwconf etc/sysconfig/hwconf.orig     sed 's/mlx4_en/mlx4_core/' etc/sysconfig/hwconf.orig &gt; etc/sysconfig/hwconf     rm -v etc/sysconfig/hwconf.orig     # Remove Exalogic Config file     rm -v etc/exalogic.conf     #Remove bash history     rm -v root/.bash_history     # Unmount the image file     cd $WORKING_DIR     umount $SYSTEMIMGDIR     echo "Unmounted $SYSTEMIMGDIR"     # Check if we are using LVM     if [[ "$LVM" == "true" ]]     then         vgchange -an $VOL_GRP         kpartx -d $ROOT_IMG_FILE     else  kpartx -d $LOOP  losetup -d $LOOP     fi     rm -rf $SYSTEMIMGDIR } function buildTemplateTgz() {  echo "Creating the Template tgz file"  mkdir -p $DESTINATION_DIR  cd $TEMPLATE_DIR  TEMPLATE_TGZ=$DESTINATION_DIR/el_template_$VSERVER_NAME.tgz  tar -zcvf $TEMPLATE_TGZ *  echo "Template $TEMPLATE_TGZ file created" } function cleanWorkingDir() {  echo "Cleaning Working Directory"  cd $WORKING_DIR  rm -rfv $VSERVER_NAME } ############################################################# ## ## createTemplate ## ============== ## ## High level template creation function that will call the ## required processing function in the necessary sequence. ## ############################################################# function createTemplate() {     VSERVER_NAME=$VSERVER     copyServerFiles     unconfigureVM     buildTemplateTgz     cleanWorkingDir     echo ""     echo ""     echo "****************************************************"     echo "**"     echo "** $TEMPLATE_TGZ has been created from"     echo "** vServer $VSERVER_NAME "     echo "**"     echo "****************************************************"     echo ""     echo "" } ############################################################# ## ## executeRemoteCreateTemplate ## =========================== ## ## Execute the CreateTemplateFromVServer.sh on the specified ## Compute Node. This is required because the Repository is ## not accessible from the EC VM. It's assumed we will not ## need to enter a password. ## ############################################################# function executeRemoteCreateTemplate() {     echo "Executing Remote Functions"     if [[ "$CN_IP_ADDRESS" != "" ]]     then         #ssh root@$CN_IP_ADDRESS "bash -s" &lt; CreateTemplateFromVServer.sh -n $VSERVER_NAME -r $REPOSITORY_DIR -w $WORKING_DIR -d $DESTINATION_DIR         #ssh root@$CN_IP_ADDRESS "bash -s -n $VSERVER_NAME -r $REPOSITORY_DIR -w $WORKING_DIR -d $DESTINATION_DIR" &lt; CreateTemplateFromVServer.sh         #cat CreateTemplateFromVServer.sh | ssh root@$CN_IP_ADDRESS "bash -s -n $VSERVER_NAME -r $REPOSITORY_DIR -w $WORKING_DIR -d $DESTINATION_DIR"         ADDITIONAL=""         if [[ "$KEEP_RESOLV" == "true" ]]         then             ADDITIONAL=" -keep-resolv"         fi         if [[ "$KEEP_HOSTS" == "true" ]]         then             ADDITIONAL=$ADDITIONAL" -keep-hosts"         fi         echo "Additional $ADDITIONAL"         echo "Copying script $0 to $CN_IP_ADDRESS"         scp $0 root@$CN_IP_ADDRESS:/tmp         ssh root@$CN_IP_ADDRESS "chmod a+x /tmp/$0"         if [[ "$LVM" == "true" ]]         then             ssh root@$CN_IP_ADDRESS "/tmp/$0 --create-template -v $VSERVER_NAME -r $REPOSITORY_DIR -w $WORKING_DIR -d $DESTINATION_DIR -lvm $VOL_GRP $LOG_VOL $ADDITIONAL"         else             ssh root@$CN_IP_ADDRESS "/tmp/$0 --create-template -v $VSERVER_NAME -r $REPOSITORY_DIR -w $WORKING_DIR -d $DESTINATION_DIR $ADDITIONAL"         fi         ssh root@$CN_IP_ADDRESS "rm -f /tmp/$0"         TEMPLATE_TGZ=$DESTINATION_DIR/el_template_$VSERVER_NAME.tgz     fi } ############################################################# ## ## generateAssetsFile ## ================== ## ## Generates a Input script that can be used with the ## --create-assets to recreate the account assets. ## ############################################################# function generateAssetsFile() {     echo "$ACCOUNT:Connect|$ACCOUNT_USER|$ACCOUNT_PASSWORD" &gt;&gt; $ASSET_FILE     echo "$ACCOUNT:Disconnect" &gt;&gt; $ASSET_FILE } ############################################################# ## ## generateCaptureAssetFile ## ======================== ## ## Generates a Input script that can be used with the ## --create-assets to create a server based on the new ## template. ## ############################################################# function generateCaptureAssetFile() {     echo "Capturing Asset information to input file $ASSET_FILE"     if [[ "$ASSET_FILE" == "" ]]     then         ASSET_FILE=$VSERVER_NAME"Asset.in"     fi     echo "$ACCOUNT:Connect|$ACCOUNT_USER|$ACCOUNT_PASSWORD" &gt; $ASSET_FILE     # Here we are assuming that we have used the recommended mount     SN_TEMPLATE_FILE=${TEMPLATE_TGZ/u01/export}     echo "$ACCOUNT:Upload|ServerTemplate|$VSERVER_NAME-Template|http://$SN_IP_ADDRESS/shares$SN_TEMPLATE_FILE" &gt;&gt; $ASSET_FILE     # Get VServer specific information     getVServers     getNetworks     getVSTypes     for line in "${vserversArray[@]}"     do         VSERVER_ID=${line%%|*}         line=${line#*|}         NAME=${line%%|*}         line=${line#*|}         if [[ "$NAME" == "$VSERVER_NAME" ]]         then             DESCRIPTION=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             STATE=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             NETWORK_IDS=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             NETWORK_IPS=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             TEMPLATE_ID=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             SSH_KEY=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             VSTYPE_ID=${line%%|*}             line=${line#*|}             NETWORK_NAMES=""             #NETWORK_IPS=""             for NETWORK_ID in ${NETWORK_IDS//,/ }             do                 getNetworkName                 if [[ "$NETWORK_NAMES" == "" ]]                 then                     NETWORK_NAMES=$NETWORK_NAME                     if [[ "$BACKUP" != "true" ]]                     then                         NETWORK_IPS="*"                     fi                 else                     NETWORK_NAMES=$NETWORK_NAMES","$NETWORK_NAME                     if [[ "$BACKUP" != "true" ]]                     then                         NETWORK_IPS=$NETWORK_IPS",*"                     fi                 fi             done             if [[ "$VSTYPE" == "" ]]             then                 # Get VServer Type Name                 getVSTypeName             else                 VSTYPE_NAME=$VSTYPE             fi             echo "$ACCOUNT:Create|vServer|$VSERVER_NAME|$VSTYPE_NAME|$VSERVER_NAME-Template|$NETWORK_NAMES|$NETWORK_IPS|$VSDG|$DESCRIPTION" &gt;&gt; $ASSET_FILE             break         fi     done     echo "$ACCOUNT:Disconnect" &gt;&gt; $ASSET_FILE     echo "Generated Asset File $ASSET_FILE" } ############################################################# ## ## captureVServer ## ============== ## ## High level template creation function that will call the ## required processing function in the necessary sequence. ## ############################################################# function captureVServer() {     VSERVER_NAME=$VSERVER     stopVServer     executeRemoteCreateTemplate     startVServer     generateCaptureAssetFile     echo ""     echo ""     echo "****************************************************"     echo "**"     echo "** $TEMPLATE_TGZ has been created from"     echo "** vServer $VSERVER_NAME "     echo "**"     echo "****************************************************"     echo ""     echo "" } function simpleCreateVServer() {     ASSET_FILE=/tmp/simpleCreateAsset.$$.in     echo "$ACCOUNT:Connect|$ACCOUNT_USER|$ACCOUNT_PASSWORD" &gt; $ASSET_FILE     echo "$ACCOUNT:Create|vServer|$VSERVER|$VSTYPE|$VSTEMPLATE|$NETWORK_NAMES|$NETWORK_IPS|$VSDG|$VSDESCRIPTION" &gt;&gt; $ASSET_FILE     echo "$ACCOUNT:Disconnect" &gt;&gt; $ASSET_FILE     getAccounts     createAssets } function simpleStopVServer() {     VSERVER_NAME=$VSERVER     stopVServer } function simpleStartVServer() {     VSERVER_NAME=$VSERVER     startVServer } function simpleRestartVServer() {     simpleStopVServer     simpleStartVServer } function simpleDeleteVServer() {     VSERVER_NAME=$VSERVER     deleteVServer } ############################################################# ## ## usage ## ===== ## ## Show usage. ## ############################################################# function usage() {  echo "" # echo &gt;&amp;2 "usage: $0 [-a ] [-v ] [-u ] [-p ] [-r ] [-w ] [-d ] [-cip ] [-sip ] [-url ] [-f ] [-remove-ssh] [--verbose] <command></command>"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "usage: $0 <command></command> "  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "Commands "  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --status-vservers"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                List the status all the vServers in the specified Account. If no Account is specified then it"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                will loop through all Accounts within the vDC listing the vServers. To successfully"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                achieve this the mandatory Username and Password must have access to all the accounts."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -u  -p "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-a ] [-v ] [-url ]"  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --start-vservers"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Start all or the named -v vServer(s) in the specified Account. If no Account is specified"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                then it will loop through all Accounts within the vDC starting the vServers."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -u  -p "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-a ] [-v ] [-url ]"  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --reboot-vservers"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Reboot all or the named -v vServer(s) in the specified Account. If no Account is specified"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                then it will loop through all Accounts within the vDC starting the vServers."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -u  -p "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-a ] [-v ] [-url ]"  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --stop-vservers"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Stop all or the named -v vServer(s) in the specified Account. If no Account is specified"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                then it will loop through all Accounts within the vDC stoping the vServers."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -u  -p "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-a ] [-v ] [-url ]"  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --list-vservers"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                List all the vServers in the specified Account. If no Account is specified then it"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                will loop through all Accounts within the vDC listing the vServers. To successfully"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                achieve this the mandatory Username and Password must have access to all the accounts."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                If --verbose is also specified the all available vServer information will be listed."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -u  -p "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-a ] [--verbose] [-url ]"  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --list-vnets"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                List all the vNets in the specified Account. If no Account is specified then it"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                will loop through all Accounts within the vDC listing the vNets. To successfully"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                achieve this the mandatory Username and Password must have access to all the accounts."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                If --verbose is also specified the all available vNet information will be listed."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -u  -p "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-a ] [--verbose] [-url ]"  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --list-distgroups"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                List all the Distribution Groups in the specified Account. If no Account is specified then it"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                will loop through all Accounts within the vDC listing the Distribution Groups. To successfully"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                achieve this the mandatory Username and Password must have access to all the accounts."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                If --verbose is also specified the all available Distribution Group information will be listed."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -u  -p "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-a ] [--verbose] [-url ]"  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --list-volumes"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                List all the Volumes in the specified Account. If no Account is specified then it"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                will loop through all Accounts within the vDC listing the Volumes. To successfully"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                achieve this the mandatory Username and Password must have access to all the accounts."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                If --verbose is also specified the all available Volumes information will be listed."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -u  -p "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-a ] [--verbose] [-url ]"  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --list-templates"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                List all the Templates in the specified Account. If no Account is specified then it"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                will loop through all Accounts within the vDC listing the Templates. To successfully"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                achieve this the mandatory Username and Password must have access to all the accounts."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                If --verbose is also specified the all available Template information will be listed."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -u  -p "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-a ] [--verbose] [-url ]"  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --create-vserver"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Creates a single vServer based on the information provided in the parameters. All parameters"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                are name based and the ids will be found based on the provided name."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -a  -u  -p  -v  -vs-type  -vs-template  -vs-networks  -vs-ips  "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-vs-dg ] [-vs-desc ] [-url ]"  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --delete-vserver"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Deletes a single vServer based on the information provided in the parameters. All parameters"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                are name based and the ids will be found based on the provided name."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -a  -u  -p  -v  "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-url ]"  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --stop-vserver"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Stops a single vServer based on the information provided in the parameters. All parameters"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                are name based and the ids will be found based on the provided name."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -a  -u  -p  -v  "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-url ]"  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --start-vserver"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Starts a single vServer based on the information provided in the parameters. All parameters"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                are name based and the ids will be found based on the provided name."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -a  -u  -p  -v  "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-url ]"  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --restart-vserver"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Restarts a single vServer based on the information provided in the parameters. All parameters"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                are name based and the ids will be found based on the provided name."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -a  -u  -p  -v  "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-url ]"  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --create-assets"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Reads the specified Asset file and creates all the assets defined within it. If multiple"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                projects are defined these are worked through. The file is processed sequentially and"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                therefore must contain action in an appropriate sequence."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -f "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-remove-ssh-key] [-url ]"  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --create-template"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Takes the specified vServer name and identifies the associated img files which will then"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                be copied to a working directory before being opened and edited thus converting them to a"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                template. If multiple images exist (because vServers uses volumes) it will be converted to"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                a single template with multiple img files and hence larger size. This command must be executed"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                on a physical compute node preferably cn01."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -v "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-lvm  ] [-r ] [-w ] [-d ] -keep-hosts -keep-resolv"  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          --capture-vserver"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Access the Exalogic EMOC system and retrieve the information about the specified vServer. This"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                information is recorded in an Asset file that can be used with --create-assets. The script also"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                takes the existing vServer image files and converts them into a template and the upload is added"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                to the Asset file."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Required parameters: -a  -v  -u  -p  -cip  -sip "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "                Optional parameters: [-lvm  ] [-r ] [-w ] [-d ] [-new-ips] [-url ] -keep-hosts -keep-resolv [-vs-dg ] -vs-type  "  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "Parameters "  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -a  Name of the Account that contains the Specified vServer."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -u  User that is allowed to access the specified account the default is root"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -p  password of the specified user"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -v  vServer to be templatised or cloned."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -r  Location of the repository the default is $REPOSITORY_DIR"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -w  Working directory where intermediate files will be copied default $WORKING_DIR."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -d  Directory where the template tgz will be created. Default is $DESTINATION_DIR"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -f  (Default is CreateAssets.in)"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -vs-type  Name of the vServer Type to be used during the vServer Creation"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -vs-template  Name of the vServer Template to be used during the vServer Creation"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -vs-desc  Description of the vServer to be used during the vServer Creation"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -vs-networks  Comma separated list of Network Names the vServer will be associated with"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -vs-ips  Comma separated list of IP Addresses, or * for automatic, associated with the network name list."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -vs-dg  Name of the Distribution Group that the server will be placed in."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -keep-hosts If set the hosts file will not be re-initialised during template creation."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -keep-resolv If set the resolv.conf file will not be re-initialised during template creation."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -remove-ssh-key Indicates that the ssh keys should be removed"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -new-ips Indicates that the IP Address in a -capture-vserver should be replaced by * within the Asset file"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -cip  This is the IP Address of the Compute Node that will be used to access"         echo &gt;&amp;2 "               the /OVS/Repository and the actual vserver image files"  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -sip  IP Address of the Storage node that will be placed in the generated Asset "         echo &gt;&amp;2 "               file for the load template entry. This must be accessible from EMOC."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -url  URL to access the EMOC interface the default is https://localhost."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -lvm   If the images file uses LVM then this parameter must be specified."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -verbose Displays more information for list commands."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -to-hrf Converts the verbose output to a Human Readable Form, i.e. replaces Ids with names."  echo &gt;&amp;2 "          -h This message."  echo &gt;&amp;2 " "  echo""  exit 1 } ############################################################### ## ## Simple start for the script that will extract the parameters ## and call the appropriate start function. ## ############################################################### export ACCOUNT_USER="" export ACCOUNT_PASSWORD="" export SYSTEMIMGDIR=/mnt/elsystem export REMOVE_SSH_KEYS=false export WORKING_DIR="/u01/common/images/vServerTemplatesWIP" export DESTINATION_DIR="/u01/common/images/vServerTemplates" export REPOSITORY_DIR="/OVS/Repositories/*" export CN_IP_ADDRESS="" export SN_IP_ADDRESS="" export BACKUP=true export VSDESCRIPTION="" while [ $# -gt 0 ] do  case "$1" in # Parameters   -a) ACCOUNT="$2"; shift;;   -d) DESTINATION_DIR="$2"; shift;;   -f) ASSET_FILE="$2"; shift;;   -p) ACCOUNT_PASSWORD="$2"; shift;;   -r) REPOSITORY_DIR="$2"; shift;;   -u) ACCOUNT_USER="$2"; shift;;   -v) VSERVER="$2"; shift;;   -w) WORKING_DIR="$2"; shift;;   -cip) CN_IP_ADDRESS="$2"; shift;;   -sip) SN_IP_ADDRESS="$2"; shift;;   -url) IAAS_BASE_URL="$2"; shift;;                 -new-ips) BACKUP=false;;                 -keep-resolv) KEEP_RESOLV=true;;                 -keep-hosts) KEEP_HOSTS=true;;   -remove-ssh-key) REMOVE_SSH_KEYS=true;;                 -lvm) LVM=true; VOL_GRP="$2"; LOG_VOL="$3"; shift; shift;;                 -vs-type) VSTYPE="$2"; shift;;                 -vs-template) VSTEMPLATE="$2"; shift;;                 -vs-desc) VSDESCRIPTION="$2"; shift;;                 -vs-networks) NETWORK_NAMES="$2"; shift;;                 -vs-ips) NETWORK_IPS="$2"; shift;;                 -vs-dg) VSDG="$2"; shift;;   -to-hrf) HRF=true;;   -verbose) VERBOSE=true;;   --verbose) VERBOSE=true;; # Commands   --create-vserver) CREATE_VSERVER=true;;   --delete-vserver) DELETE_VSERVER=true;;   --stop-vserver) STOP_VSERVER=true;;   --start-vserver) START_VSERVER=true;;   --restart-vserver) RESTART_VSERVER=true;;   --stop-vservers) STOP_VSERVERS=true;;   --start-vservers) START_VSERVERS=true;;   --reboot-vservers) REBOOT_VSERVERS=true;;   --status-vservers) STATUS_VSERVERS=true;;   --list-vservers) LIST_VSERVERS=true;;   --list-vnets) LIST_VNETS=true;;   --list-distgroups) LIST_DISTGRPS=true;;   --list-templates) LIST_TEMPLATES=true;;   --list-volumes) LIST_VOLUMES=true;;                 --create-assets) CREATE_ASSETS=true;;                 --create-template) CREATE_TEMPLATE=true;;                 --capture-vserver) CAPTURE_VSERVER=true;;                 --generate-assets) GENERATE_ASSETS=true;;                 --test-cli) TEST_CLI=true;;   *) usage;;   *) break;;  esac  shift done IAAS_USER=$ACCOUNT_USER echo "$ACCOUNT_PASSWORD" &gt; $IAAS_PASSWORD_FILE # Check if the JAVA_HOME is set if [[ "$JAVA_HOME" == "" ]] then  export JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/latest  echo "JAVA_HOME is not defined using $JAVA_HOME" fi if [[ "$CREATE_ASSETS" == "true" &amp;&amp; "$ASSET_FILE" != "" ]] then     createAssets elif [[ "$CREATE_TEMPLATE" == "true" &amp;&amp; "$VSERVER" != "" ]] then     if [[ "$LVM" == "true" ]]     then         if [[ "$VOL_GRP" == "" || "$LOG_VOL" == "" ]]         then             usage         else             grep "^ *filter.*a/\.*" /etc/lvm/lvm.conf &gt;/dev/null             if [[ "$?" == "1" ]]             then                echo please change filter entry in /etc/lvm/lvm.conf from:                grep "^ *filter.*r/\.*" /etc/lvm/lvm.conf                echo to:                echo '    filter = [ "a/.*/" ]'                exit             fi         fi     fi     createTemplate elif [[ "$TEST_CLI" == "true" &amp;&amp; \         "$ACCOUNT_USER" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$ACCOUNT_PASSWORD" != "" ]] then     testCli elif [[ "$CAPTURE_VSERVER" == "true" &amp;&amp; \         "$ACCOUNT" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$ACCOUNT_USER" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$ACCOUNT_PASSWORD" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$VSERVER" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$CN_IP_ADDRESS" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$SN_IP_ADDRESS" != "" ]] then     getAccounts     for account in "${accountsArray[@]}"     do         ACCOUNT_ID=${account%%|*}         account=${account#*|}         ACCOUNT_NAME=${account%%|*}         if [[ "$ACCOUNT" == "$ACCOUNT_NAME" &amp;&amp; "$ACCOUNT_ID" == ACC-* ]]         then             connectToAccount             captureVServer             disconnectFromAccount         fi     done elif [[ "$GENERATE_ASSETS" == "true" &amp;&amp; \         "$ACCOUNT_USER" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$ACCOUNT_PASSWORD" != "" ]] then     getAccounts     ASSET_FILE=CreateAssets.$$.in     for account in "${accountsArray[@]}"     do         ACCOUNT_ID=${account%%|*}         account=${account#*|}         ACCOUNT_NAME=${account%%|*}         if [[ ("$ACCOUNT" == "" || "$ACCOUNT" == "$ACCOUNT_NAME") &amp;&amp; "$ACCOUNT_ID" == ACC-* ]]         then             connectToAccount             generateAssetsFile             disconnectFromAccount         fi     done elif [[ "$CREATE_VSERVER" == "true" &amp;&amp; \         "$ACCOUNT" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$ACCOUNT_USER" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$ACCOUNT_PASSWORD" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$VSERVER" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$VSTYPE" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$VSTEMPLATE" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$NETWORK_NAMES" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$NETWORK_IPS" != "" ]] then     simpleCreateVServer elif [[ ("$DELETE_VSERVER" == "true" || \         "$STOP_VSERVER" == "true" || \         "$START_VSERVER" == "true" || \         "$RESTART_VSERVER" == "true") &amp;&amp; \         "$ACCOUNT" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$ACCOUNT_USER" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$ACCOUNT_PASSWORD" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$VSERVER" != "" ]] then     getAccounts     for account in "${accountsArray[@]}"     do         ACCOUNT_ID=${account%%|*}         account=${account#*|}         ACCOUNT_NAME=${account%%|*}         if [[ ("$ACCOUNT" == "" || "$ACCOUNT" == "$ACCOUNT_NAME") &amp;&amp; "$ACCOUNT_ID" == ACC-* ]]         then             connectToAccount             if [[ "$DELETE_VSERVER" == "true" ]]             then                 simpleDeleteVServer             elif [[ "$STOP_VSERVER" == "true" ]]             then                 simpleStopVServer             elif [[ "$START_VSERVER" == "true" ]]             then                 simpleStartVServer             elif [[ "$RESTART_VSERVER" == "true" ]]             then                 simpleRestartVServer             fi             disconnectFromAccount         fi     done elif [[ ("$STOP_VSERVERS" == "true" || \         "$START_VSERVERS" == "true" || \         "$REBOOT_VSERVERS" == "true" || \         "$LIST_VSERVERS" == "true" || \         "$STATUS_VSERVERS" == "true" || \         "$LIST_VNETS" == "true" || \         "$LIST_DISTGRPS" == "true" || \         "$LIST_TEMPLATES" == "true" || \         "$LIST_VOLUMES" == "true") &amp;&amp; \         "$ACCOUNT_USER" != "" &amp;&amp; \         "$ACCOUNT_PASSWORD" != "" ]] then     getAccounts     for account in "${accountsArray[@]}"     do         ACCOUNT_ID=${account%%|*}         account=${account#*|}         ACCOUNT_NAME=${account%%|*}         if [[ ("$ACCOUNT" == "" || "$ACCOUNT" == "$ACCOUNT_NAME") &amp;&amp; "$ACCOUNT_ID" == ACC-* ]]         then                 connectToAccount                 if [[ "$STOP_VSERVERS" == "true" ]]                 then                         stopVServers                 elif [[ "$START_VSERVERS" == "true" ]]                 then                         startVServers                 elif [[ "$REBOOT_VSERVERS" == "true" ]]                 then                         rebootVServers                 elif [[ "$LIST_VSERVERS" == "true" ]]                 then                         listVServers                 elif [[ "$STATUS_VSERVERS" == "true" ]]                 then                         listVServerStatus                 elif [[ "$LIST_VNETS" == "true" ]]                 then                         listVNets                 elif [[ "$LIST_DISTGRPS" == "true" ]]                 then                         listDistributionGroups                 elif [[ "$LIST_TEMPLATES" == "true" ]]                 then                         listTemplates                 elif [[ "$LIST_VOLUMES" == "true" ]]                 then                         listVolumes                 fi                 disconnectFromAccount         fi     done else     usage fi rm -f $IAAS_PASSWORD_FILE

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