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Best Practices from Oracle Development's A‑Team

Exalogic Virtual Tea Break Snippets - Some Simple ZFS Scripts

Introduction

This blog post explains and shares some handy scripts for dealing with ZFS storage in Exalogic.

Main Article

Whilst working on an Exalogic Upgrade I was working with the ZFS storage and having executed the same commands a number of times I decided to script them. This short blog entry, although it will grow over time, contains the scripts I find useful. For each of the scripts I will simply provide a brief description and the source of the script and occasionally add the output assuming it is not too long. Where I need to pass the Hostname / IP Address of the storage heads the scripts will use the flags (unless otherwise specified):

  • -p <Primary - first storage head>
  • -s <Secondary - Second storage head>

I will be using a combinations of simple bash scripts and the more function ZFS scripting language.

Show Config

Executing this script against one of the storage heads will read and show all the properties that are current set on the specified storage head. Simply redirecting the output to a file provides me with a backup before I execute any modifications.

To run the script you will need to execute the following:

ssh root@<Storage IP> < showConfig.aksh > storageConfig.log

showConfig.aksh

 

script function processNode(node) {  run('cd /');  run(node);  printf("*****************************************************\n");  printf("%s\n", node);  printf("*****************************************************\n\n");  printf("%s", run('list'));  printf("\n\n*****************************************************\n\n");  var nodeChildren = children();  for (var i = 0; i < nodeChildren.length; i++) {   processNode(node + " " + nodeChildren[i]);   run('cd ..');  } } processNode('');

 

Show Shares

This script, modified from the ZFS Admin Guide, will display a
list of all Projects/Shares on the storage along with the amount
of spece used and available.

To run the script you will need to execute the following:

ssh root@<Storage IP> < showShares.aksh

showShares.aksh

 

script  run('shares');  projects = list();  printf("%-50s %-10s %-10s\n", "Project/Share", "Used", "Available");  printf("%-50s %-10s %-10s\n", "=============", "====", "=========");  for (i = 0; i < projects.length; i++) {   run('select ' + projects[i]);   shares = list();   for (j = 0; j < shares.length; j++) {    run('select ' + shares[j]);    share = projects[i] + '/' + shares[j];    used = run('get space_data').split(/\s+/)[3];    available = run('get space_available').split(/\s+/)[3];    printf("%-50s %-10s %-10s\n", share, used, available);    run('cd ..');   }   run('cd ..');  }

 

showShares.aksh

[root@slce50cn01 ~]# ssh root@slce50sn01 < showShares.aksh Pseudo-terminal will not be allocated because stdin is not a terminal. Project/Share Used Available ============= ==== ========= ExalogicControl/ExalogicControl 312G 21.9T ExalogicControl/ExalogicPool1 1.28G 21.9T ExalogicControl/ExalogicPool2 31.5K 21.9T ExalogicControl/ExalogicPool3 31.5K 21.9T ExalogicControl/ExalogicPool4 31.5K 21.9T ExalogicControl/ExalogicRepo 1.01T 21.9T ExalogicControl/Exalogic_EnterpriseController 37.5K 21.9T ExalogicControl/Exalogic_OVAB 31.5K 21.9T ExalogicControl/Exalogic_ProxyController 31.5K 21.9T ExalogicControl/Exalogic_RDBMS 31.5K 21.9T

Set NFSv4 Delegation

The following script will set the NFSv4 Delegation flag to false
(recommended) and also the appropriate IPMP values. If you know
the location of the value to set then the following should be easy
to modify.

To run the script you will need to execute the following:

./setIPMPAndNFSV4Delegation.sh [-s <Secondary Storage Node hostname/IP>] [-p <Primary Storage Node hostname/IP>]

setIPMPAndNFSV4Delegation.sh

 

#!/bin/bash PRIMARY= SECONDARY= while [ $# -gt 0 ] do  case "$1" in   -p) PRIMARY="$2"; shift;;   -s) SECONDARY="$2"; shift;;   *) echo ""; echo >&2 \       "usage: $0 [-s <Secondary Storage Node hostname/IP>] [-p <Primary Storage Node hostname/IP>] "       echo""; exit 1;;   *) break;;  esac  shift done function updateStorage { ssh root@$1 << EOF cd / configuration services ipmp show set interval=5000 set failback=false commit cd / configuration services nfs show set enable_delegation=false commit quit EOF } if [ "$PRIMARY" != "" ] then  updateStorage $PRIMARY fi if [ "$SECONDARY" != "" ] then  updateStorage $SECONDARY fi

 

Snapshot ZFS Project or Share

This script will allow you to create a snapshot of a ZFS Project
or Share on the internal storage. You have the option of
specifying the Snapshot name but if this is not supplied it will
default to a date stamped name.

To run the script you will need to execute the following:

snapshotZFS.sh -ip <Storage Node hostname/IP> -p <Project Name> [-s <Share Name>] [-n <Snapshot Name>]

snapshotZFS.sh

 

#!/bin/bash BAK_EXT=`date +"%Y%m%d-%H%M%S"` PROJECT="" SHARE="" IPADDRESS="" SNAPSHOTNAME="SnapShot-$BAK_EXT" while [ $# -gt 0 ] do  case "$1" in   -ip) IPADDRESS="$2"; shift;;   -p) PROJECT="$2"; shift;;   -s) SHARE="$2"; shift;;   -n) SNAPSHOTNAME="$2"; shift;;   *) echo ""; echo >&2 \       "usage: $0 -ip <Storage Node hostname/IP> -p <Project Name> [-s <Share Name>] [-n <Snapshot Name>] "       echo""; exit 1;;   *) break;;  esac  shift done if [ "$IPADDRESS" == "" ] then  echo "IP Address or Hostname of the Storage must be provided"  exit 1 fi if [ "$PROJECT" == "" ] then  echo "Project name must be provided"  exit 1 fi echo $SNAPSHOTNAME ssh root@$IPADDRESS <<EOF script  try {   run('cd /');   run('shares');   run('select $PROJECT');   printf('%s\n', run('list'));   try {    run('select $SHARE');   } catch (e) {   }   run('snapshots');   run('snapshot $SNAPSHOTNAME');  } catch (err) {   if (err.code == EAKSH_ENTITY_BADSELECT) {    printf('ERROR: "$SHARE" is not a share in the "$PROJECT" project\n');   } else {    printf('ERROR: (%s)\n', err.message);   }  } EOF

This entry was originally posted on the The Old Toxophilist Site.

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